Birds of Trinidad: Savanna and Grassland 1

This is the first Quick Guide highlighting Trinidad and Tobago’s common savanna and grassland bird species. It will deal with those species that frequent open grass fields, pastures, savannas and other similar environments.

Red-breasted Blackbird (Local Name: Soldier Bird):

Red-breasted Blackbird (Sturnella militaris)

This stunning member of the blackbird family is common in wet pastures and grassy fields. Male birds sport a brilliant red breast while females are streaked with brown and cream. Not found in Tobago. Males can sometimes be seen displaying, during which the bird flies up into the air and glides back to the ground while singing.

Blue-black Grassquit (Local Names: Grassie or Johnny-jump-up):

Blue-black Grassquit (Volatinia jacarina)

The grassquit is a very common inhabitant of grasslands and open habitats where they feed on seeds. Male birds are very dark blue in colour while females are brown with heavy chest streaking. Males are often seen displaying from an exposed perch during which the grassquit “leaps” into the air while calling. Despite their similar appearance, diet and choice of habitat, Grassquits are not members of the finch family.

Striped Cuckoo:

Striped Cuckoo (Tapera naevia)

The call of the Striped Cuckoo is a familiar sound in open areas and is usually the first clue that this species is nearby. It is heavily streaked with brown and cream and has a shaggy brown crest which it raises when it calls. This is the only local cuckoo species that practices nest-parasitism for which the cuckoo family is infamous. It usually targets the nests of Spinetails.

Gray Kingbird:

Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis)

This relative of the more commonly seen Tropical Kingbird can be identified by its larger bill and overall body size. It is gray in colour with darker upperparts.

Fork-tailed Flycatcher:

Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana) Photograph © Fayard Mohammed

This graceful flycatcher is a common visitor to Trinidad and Tobago during the latter months of the year. The males are best known for their long tail feathers which can extend several inches from the body. Large flocks of these birds can be seen flying to their roosting sites in the late evening, often in mangrove swamps or isolated trees. They are very aggressive and will chase other bird species that happen to fly by.

Green-rumped Parrotlet (Local Name: Parakeet):

Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)

This small member of the parrot family is common in many habitats in Trinidad and Tobago. Apparently unknown in Trinidad before 1916 which could indicate it was a recent arrival. Birds were then introduced to Tobago. Despite being commonly trapped for the pet trade, the local population does not appear to be in any danger as yet. Males and females are not easily distinguished from each other, both being generally green with blue feathers on the wing. A pair can sometimes be seen around a house searching for nesting sites, usually in pipe scaffolding or similar cavities.

Savanna Hawk:

Savannah Hawk (Buteogallus meridionalis)

The Savanna Hawk is a beautiful member of the raptor family that can often be seen in open cattle pastures and coconut estates, especially in areas such as Mayaro, Manzanilla, Icacos, Wallerfield and Piarco. Unlike most other hawks, the Savanna Hawk spends a lot of time on the ground in search of its prey which includes lizards and snakes. It is chestnut-brown with dark wings and can otherwise be identified by its upright posture and its long legs, which facilitates movement through the short grass. These hawks frequently perch on posts or tree stumps.

White winged Swallow:

White-winged Swallow (Tachycineta albiventer)

This small swallow is often seen flying swiftly low over savannas or waterways while hunting for their insect prey. It is white with an iridescent blue-green cap and upper back. Its name is derived from a patch of white feathers on its otherwise dark wings, visible when the bird is in flight. It nests in cavities and will take advantage of man-made structures such as pipe scaffolding in pavilions.

Yellow-headed Caracara:

Yellow-headed Caracara (Milvago chimachima)

While similar in appearance to hawks, Caracaras are actually members of the Falconidae, which includes kites and falcons. Unlike the other members of this family, caracaras have specialized in feeding on carrion. For this reason the yellow-headed caracara is able to inhabit a diverse range of habitats and can often be seen along roadways looking for road kill. They are often found in small groups and have a very loud screeching call. Adults have a creamy yellow-brown head and under-parts with dark brown wings that are crossed by a single pale bar. Immature birds are heavily streaked.

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (Local Name: Robin):

Ruddy-breasted Seedeater (Sporophila minuta)

The Ruddy-breasted Seedeater was formerly an extremely common resident of grasslands in Trinidad and Tobago. Unfortunately the “Robin” is valued as a cage-bird because of its singing ability. Constant pressure by bird-catchers has almost driven this bird to extinction in Trinidad & Tobago and only a few scattered populations remain. Despite being illegal, many bird owners still keep “Robins”.

Other local finches, including the Gray Seedeater (Picoplat) and Chestnut-bellied Seed Finch (Bullfinch), have not been so lucky and all local populations of these species have been wiped out. Occasionally birds are seen in the wild but these are usually escaped cage-birds or birds that have been rescued from bird-smugglers and released by the Forestry Division. Unfortunately as these birds are likely to all be males, no breeding population can be established. While it is legal to keep both the “Bullfinch” and “Picoplat” in cages, large numbers of these birds are illegally smuggled into the country via the south-western peninsular and these birds account for almost all finches currently being kept in Trinidad and Tobago.


#1 Andre Charles on 12.12.11 at 9:39 am

i never knew picoplats were indangered birds so if i know people with these birds male and female can we breed them and set free the offspring and at least try to repopulate this country’s beatiful singing birds?

#2 Administrator on 12.13.11 at 7:33 pm

That would be nice but I think even if someone manages to breed them in reasonable numbers it would be difficult to get a wild breeding population going at this point simply because people would go catch them again. Education and the reform/enforcement of laws are the only real solutions.

I’m not saying you shouldn’t be allowed to keep birds but it has to be managed properly like any other resource.

#3 Nigel Campbell on 02.13.12 at 12:54 pm

I am living by the Tunapuna cemetary and there are two hawks that look like caracaras making loud screeching noises in the neighbourhood. The hawks have dark wings and a yellow belly. I think it’s mating season

#4 Administrator on 02.13.12 at 6:08 pm

What you describe certainly sounds like caracaras. They are quite noisy at times. Not too sure if they have a fixed breeding season or not.

#5 avianraptor on 03.30.12 at 9:04 pm

Many people I knew kept picoplatts and robins in cages. It seemed almost as it was int “in” thing to do in those days. Although more people seem to be aware of the loss of habitat and human predation have led to steady and irretrievable decline in some species, it is heartening to see the efforts of people like Kris in re-educating not only ordinary folk, but previous poachers. The value of pur wildlife should not be lost on us. We owe it to generations past and future to be guardians in that respect.

#6 lisa on 07.13.12 at 11:52 pm

I think my jumping bird is the Blue-black Grassquit

#7 Administrator on 07.14.12 at 8:45 pm

Glad to hear the website has been useful to you Lisa.Be sure to check the other guides we have up for other bird species that you may see.

#8 Israel on 08.28.12 at 9:48 am

can anyone tell me the scientific name of the seed grass fed to finches in trinidad which is locally called “crabeye”. I dont mean thelarge jumbie bead also referred to as “crab’s eye.” I mean the grassy stuff

#9 lambert baptiste on 10.19.12 at 6:13 pm

I dont see any mention about fig birds

#10 Administrator on 10.19.12 at 7:31 pm

Thanks for the comment. I believe you are talking about what is known as the Yellow Oriole. Check it out at

#11 israel on 12.03.12 at 7:51 am

does anyone know the common or scientific name of the bird referred to as the “coochie” in Trinidad. i beleive it is a type of sporophila.

#12 troy on 10.07.14 at 2:52 pm

please tell us what takes place with the thousands of bullfinch that the authorities sieze every year?

#13 Administrator on 10.07.14 at 4:09 pm

Well I can’t speak on behalf of the authorities, but birds that are seized from smugglers are supposed to be quarantined to determine if they carry any diseases. After that, I think the wildlife division has the power to dispose of the birds as they see fit.

#14 Julian Kennedy on 08.01.15 at 11:17 am

In Harry’s waterpark Tabaquite they have a black raptor they are calling a Savannah Hawk-I am sure it is a Black or Chicken Hawk!

#15 Administrator on 11.26.15 at 10:05 pm

Well a black raptor won’t be a savannah for sure. Hope they got a permit for that.

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